Treceți la conținutul principal

A better safety training by implementing Return on Prevention (ROP)

Objectives


The main objective of the presented research was to improve safety training- as it is done using modern methods like e-learning, through the usage of the Return on Prevention (ROP) principle. ROP could guide towards the specific points where more training or specific training is needed.  


Methods


A method was developed in this respect. The method includes the following principle- Identify ROP key points (for example the need for PPE)- document ROP key points – present ROP key points to the workers- receive and process feedback- develop better training material- re-train and evaluate resulting ROP.
The method developed in order to estimate a global/specific ROP is sketched below.
The key performance indicator “Return on Prevention” (ROP) is an abstract representation of the potential economic success of occupational safety and health.[i].
ROP could be considered as a Key Performance Indicator (KPI) - is an abstract representation of the potential economic success of occupational safety and health.
The original (ISSA) methodology was based on sampled populations and interviews. However, an enterprise is interested to have a ROP system that would give some indications about how money is spent- for the enterprise as a holistic unit. A draft methodology is proposed in the following steps.
1. Using the financial and operational data from the previous year, establish an approximate cumulative loss figure (Cl) for the last year. In establishing this figure you must consider:
1.1. The registered loss that could be attributed to operational risks (for example, not include some unpaid bills that have no connexion with your productive or services activity- you have delivered  the goods or services but are not paid yet).
             1.2. The reported incidents and accidents registered last year – including specific points that   would be taken into consideration in the training process;
1.3. Cost of the reported incidents and accidents – if such costs are not declared at 1.1 (for example the medical costs are generally not included there)
2. Define safety cost indicators that could be included into a financial balance and register them – or clone them separately in a ROP register. Examples of such indicators are given in the table below. Calculate a Cumulative Safety figure (Cs) - as a reference- for the last year- or for the reference year when you are starting ROP implementation
3. Define loss cost indicators that could be connected to occupational risk and implicit to safety.
4. Compute ROP reference= ∑Loss control indicators/∑Safety control indicators or ROP= Cl-Cs (going on the ISSA definition).
5. Analyse how loss control indicators are reduced in a year time by the investment in safety
6. Calculate 
ROP 1= ∑Loss control indicators 1/∑Safety control indicators
ROPi <=ROP reference 
ROP reference= ∑Loss control indicators/∑Safety control indicators
7. Analyze ROP i= ROP 1...ROP n on shorter periods (half a year, quarter of a year). ROP i should grow towards ROP reference when all the loss control is eliminated by the safety costs.
8. Calculate ROP PPE, ROP Training, ROP management in order to see which safety costs could more efficiently reduce losses.
In doing the ROP methodology the term ∑Safety control indicators should be considerated constant- the one evaluated for the first year of analysis- so that we could have a ROP as a reference like loss costs covered by safety.
 Using Generalized Extreme Value Distribution and also the Hazard Function there could be analysed comparatively the data resulted from ROP.


Results


Implementation and testing of this method was made in two enterprises inside Bucharest in a larger, Six Sigma implementation context. The result was satisfactory, showing that:
1. ROP could improve training and also could improve workers commitment. Explained properly to the workers, ROP would be pursued by them and also they would accept more easily the training programme.
2. At this moment, the implementation was done just for large enterprises. However, it should be used mainly in SME- taking into consideration that activities inside SME could change very quickly in order to be competitive on the market.
3. The developed method could be integrated well with the Six Sigma context, serving as a Six Sigma booster.

Conclusion


Commitment of the worker towards a better safety is a very important step in achieving a better safety. In this respect, the solution assures:
-an integration of the quantitative aspects into the training process that could be a game changer in the safety training- taking into account that the worker is understanding why the efforts for safety improvement;
-a better safety training;
-the improvement of safety culture.



[i] ISSA (2011), Research report-The return on prevention:Calculating the costs and benefits of investments in occupational safety and health in companies

Comentarii

Postări populare de pe acest blog

IDENTIFICAREA ȘI ANALIZA CAUZELOR RĂDĂCINĂ -1

Analiza cauzelor rădăcină este o metodă extrem de folosită de către managementul de performanță  din firmele dezvoltate. Metoda este considerată ca o metodă primară- care trebuie utilizată în primele faze ale analizei specifice procesului managerial. Ne propunem să prezentăm o metodă de analiză a cauzelor rădăcină care să poată fi aplicată atât pentru managementul calității cât și pentru managementul securității – ținând seama de faptul că în cea mai mare parte, cauzele rădăcină ale problemelor de calitate și problemelor de securitate și sănătate sunt comune. Figura 1 prezintă modul  global de analiză pentru cauzele rădăcină Din figură se poate observa că avem 2 procese distincte: ·         -un proces de identificare- care va fi realizat pe baza metodei cunoscute și ca 5 W ( 5 Why); ·         -un proces de analiză; procesul de analiză urmărește: o   stabilirea cauzelor specifice managementului calității și managementului de SSM; o   ierarhizarea cauzelor identificate;

Figura 1  Structurare…

VULNERABILITY METRICS AND KPI

KPI definitionA key performance indicator(KPI) is a measure of performance, commonly used to help an organization defineand evaluate how successful it is, typically in terms of making progress towards its long-term organizational goals.
–KPIs provide business-level context to security-generated data –KPIs answer the “so what?” question –Each additional KPI indicates a step forward in program maturity –None of these KPIs draw strictly from security data
COBITControl Objectives for Information and Related Technology (COBIT) is a framework created by ISACA for information technology (IT) management and IT governance. It is a supporting toolset that allows managers to bridge the gap between control requirements, technical issues and business risks. COBIT was first released in 1996; the current version, COBIT 5, was published in 2012. Its mission is “to research, develop, publish and promote an authoritative, up-to-date, international set of generally accepted information technology control obj…

APLICAȚII ALE GRAFULUI DE RISC-1

Așa după cum s-a văzut dintr-o postare trecută, graful de risc poate fi un instrument util- și nu numai în cazul bolilor profesionale. Vom adapta în continuare  teoria existentă la teoria și practica din România și vom detalia câteva aspecte considerate de interes.
Este interesant de adaptat  graful de risc pornind de la clasicul sistem Om-Mașină folosit în practica de specialitate din domeniul SSM din România. În acest sens, folosind experiența existentă și datele statistice putem dezvolta în mod corespunzător- așa cum se prezintă în continuare în acest material.
Tabelul 1- Atribute folosite în graf Atribut Descriere I (Inițiatori) Operator(O): a. operator pregătit necorespunzător[1] b.operator malevolent [2] c.operator surprins de un eveniment neprevăzut datorat sarcinii[3] d. operator surprins de un eveniment neprevăzut datorat mașinii;[4] e. operator surprins de un eveniment neprevăzut datorat mediului/factorilor naturali. [5] Sarcină(S): a. sarcină incorect formulată- care dete…